No bare knowledge

Jesper Kallestrup


Just as Dummett famously argued that there is no such thing as bare predicative knowledge, this paper argues that there is no such thing as bare propositional knowledge: all such knowing is knowing in a specific way. It is first argued that seeing that so-and-so can be epistemically understood to constitute a way of knowing that so-and-so. Three arguments are then advanced in support of the stronger claim that there is no such knowing unless there is a way of knowing. Finally, four objections to these two claims are addressed.


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