Gellert, R. (2018) Understanding the notion of risk in the General Data Protection Regulation, Computer Law & Security Review vol. 34, issue 2, 279-288

Gellert, R. (2015) Data protection: a risk regulation? Between the risk management of everything and the precautionary alternative, International Data Privacy Law 01/2015; 5(1):3-19.

Hildebrandt, M., Gutwirth, S. (2008). Profiling the European Citizen. Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. Springer.

Hildebrandt, M. (2013). Legal Protection by Design in the Smart Grid. Privacy, data protection & profile transparency. Smart Energy Collective.

Hildebrandt, M. (2011). Legal Protection by Design. Objections and Refutations, Legisprudence 5.2, 223-248.

Kloza, D., van Dijk, N., De Hert, P. (2015), Assessing the European approach to privacy and data protection in smart grids. Lessons for emerging technologies, in Skopik, F., Smith, P. Smart grid security: holistic and innovative solutions for a modernized grid, Elsevier, 2015.

Kloza, D. (2014) Privacy Impact Assessments as a Means to Achieve the Objectives of Procedural Justice. Jusletter IT. Die Zeitschrift für IT und Recht. Issue 20

Kloza, D. (2013). Public voice in privacy governance: lessons from environmental democracy. In E. Schweighofer, A. Saarenpää, & J. Böszörmenyi (Eds.), KnowRights 2012 Proceedings (pp. 80–97).

Van Dijk, N, Tanas, A., Rommetveit, K., Raab, C.,(2018)Right engineering? The redesign of privacy and personal data protection,International Review of Law, Computers & Technology,DOI: 10.1080/13600869.2018.1457002

Van Dijk, N., Gellert, R., Rommetveit, K., A Risk to a Right? Beyond Data Protection Risk Assessments, Computer Law & Security Review, Forthcoming

Wright, D., & De Hert, P. (Eds.). (2012). Privacy Impact Assessment (p. 523). Dordrecht, Heidleberg, London, New York: Springer.

Wright, D., Gellert, R., Gutwirth, S., & Friedewald, M. (2011). Minimizing Technology Risks with PIAs, Precaution, and Participation. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 30(4), 47–54. doi:10.1109/MTS.2011.943460

Goel Sanjay, Hong Yuan, Papakonstantinou Vagelis and Kloza Dariusz (2015) Smart Grid Security. SpringerBriefs in Cybersecurity, Springer-Verlag, London, 138 pp.

Gellert Raphaël and Kloza Dariusz (2012) “Can privacy impact assessment mitigate civil liability? A precautionary approach”, in Schweighofer Erich, Franz Kummer and Walter Hötzendorfer (eds.) Transformation juristischer Sprachen. Tagungsband des 15. Internationalen Rechtsinformatik Symposions IRIS 2012, Österreichische Computer Gesellschaft, Vienna, pp. 497-505.

Wright David, Friedewald Michael, and Gellert Raphaël, Developing and Testing a Surveillance Impact Assessment Methodology, International Data Privacy Law 01/2015; 5(1):40-53.

Gellert Raphaël, Understanding Data Protection as Risk Regulation, Journal of Internet Law, May 2015, 18(11):3-15.

Gellert Raphaël, Mantovani Eugenio, and De Hert Paul, The EU Regulation of Nanomaterials: Smoother or Harder? The Precautionary Tool Chest as the Basis for Better Regulating Nanomaterials. In: Dolez PI, (ed), Nanoengineering:Global Approaches to Health and Safety Issues, 2015. p. 339–73.



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About us

LSTS2016 Compact Q


Brussels Laboratory for Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments

Research Group on Law, Science, Technology & Society (LSTS)

Faculty of Law and Criminology

Vrije Universiteit Brussel




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